How To Duplicate WordPress Database Using phpMyAdmin?
Duplicating a WordPress database can be necessary for various reasons, such as creating a staging environment, migrating to a new server, or implementing changes without affecting the live site. phpMyAdmin, a widely used MySQL database management tool, provides a user-friendly interface for duplicating a WordPress database. Here’s a step-by-step guide.
Access phpMyAdmin and Select the WordPress Database
Log in to your hosting account’s control panel. Locate and access phpMyAdmin. This is often available under the “Databases” section. In phpMyAdmin, you’ll see a list of databases on the left sidebar. Identify and select the database associated with your WordPress site.
Export the Database
Click on the “Export” tab in the top navigation menu. Choose the export method:
- Quick: Select this option for a standard export.
- Custom: Allows more advanced options.
Select the tables you want to export. For a complete duplicate, export all tables. Choose the export format as SQL. Click the “Go” or “Export” button to start the export process. This will download a .sql file to your computer.
Create a New Database
Go back to the main phpMyAdmin page. Click on the “Home” icon on the top left to return to the database list. Create a new database:
- Click on “Databases.”
- Enter a name for the new database.
- Choose a collation (usually, you can stick with the default).
- Click “Create” to complete the new database setup.
Import the Database
Select the newly created database from the left sidebar. Click on the “Import” tab in the top navigation menu. Choose the .sql file you downloaded earlier. Click the “Go” or “Import” button to start the import process.
Update WordPress Configuration
Open the wp-config.php file of your WordPress installation on your server. Locate the database connection settings:
Update the values to match the new database credentials.
Update Site URLs (Optional)
If the site URLs need to be changed (for example, when moving to a different domain), you can update them in the WordPress database. This step is optional and may not be necessary in all cases. Use a tool like the Better Search Replace plugin or directly run SQL queries to update URLs.
Test the Duplicated Site
Visit your WordPress site using the new database. Ensure that all pages, posts, and functionalities work correctly.
If you didn’t update the site URLs in step 7, you might need to perform a search and replace for the old domain to the new domain using a tool like “Better Search Replace” or through SQL queries. Also, always take a backup of your database and files before performing any major changes. This ensures you have a restore point in case anything goes wrong.
Duplicating a WordPress database using phpMyAdmin is a straightforward process but requires attention to detail. By following these steps carefully, you can create an identical copy of your WordPress site’s database, facilitating tasks like testing, development, or migration without affecting the live site.